Experimental validation of building vibration propagation using a four story laboratory model

April 29, 2008
Publication: Crossing Borders: Proceedings of the 2008 Structures Congress. April 24-26, 2008, Vancouver, BC, Canada, ASCE
Author(s): Michael Hughes Masoud Sanayei James A. Moore Jeffrey A. Zapfe Robert D. White

A 4-story scale model building was designed and constructed for the purpose of predicting vibration levels at each floor. Mathematical models of column, beam, and slab elements were developed and combined, forming a system model. Each component of the scale model building was tested in order to validate their corresponding mathematical model. Measured data from the scale model building was then compared to analytical predictions. All analytical models successfully validated their corresponding physical model by accurately predicting resonant amplifications and average vibration levels. Finally, recommendations for the modeling of full-scale structures are presented.