High-strength, low-alloy vanadium (HSLA-V) steel offers higher strength and toughness than conventional steel. The resulting lighter weight and more slender structural components are more susceptible to buckling in compression.
This study extensively evaluates the 2010 American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) and Steel Joist Institute (SJI) design equations for double-angle buckling, resulting in significant findings and recommendations for both specifications. The primary objective of this paper was to assess the validity of applying the buckling equations given in the SJI 2010 Design Specification for long-span and deep-long-span joists to double-angle compression members manufactured using 80-ksi HSLA-V steel. Another objective of this study was to compare the design equations for compression buckling in the SJI Design Specification and the AISC 2010 Specification and to develop recommendations for enhancing the accuracy of buckling equations commonly used in current practice.
Potential solutions for resolving the observed lack of conservatism in the strong-axis buckling predictions were investigated. The use of the modified component slenderness ratio in the AISC provisions significantly improved the accuracy of the SJI buckling strength predictions for strong-axis buckling cases with Q-factor values less than 1.0.